licensing lr's

 

 

 

legal framework

Procesess and activities inside the clarin:el infrastructure are stipulated by a set of legal document templates designed to help all stakeholders (resource owners, distributors and end-users) work in a friendly and transparent environment.:

  • the Network Statutes (in Greek), stating the code of conduct and the relations between clarin:el members within the Research Infrastructure (RI),
  • the Depositor's Agreement (in Greek), holding between the provider of a Resource and the RI (through the depositing Repository),
  • the Licences of use, that legally bind the End-User to the terms and conditions of using the Resource.

 

 

 

lr sharing within the clarin:el ri

LRs can be deposited at the clarin:el infrastructure by organisations and/or individual researchers according to the procedure described here.

According to the Network statutes and the CLARIN ERIC recommendations, resources and services should ideally be open or shared at least for research purposes. In principle, any grant of access to LRs should ideally include not only the right to read the relevant content but also to allow transformative uses, dissemination and distribution of such resources and their derivatives, according to the needs and policies of LR owners and users.

In all cases, LRs must be offered according to certain formal legal conditions and terms clearly indicated at the licence text. Each LR may be associated with more than one licence, if access to it is given under different conditions for different users and/or intended uses.

Access to the LRs and processing services is open to all (i.e. registered and unregistered users) through the central catalogue of the clarin:el aggregator, in accordance to their relevant licensing terms. In addition, clarin:el registered users have further access to the LRs and processing services through the repository to which they belong, always in accordance to the relevant licensing terms.

clarin:el metadata are licenced under the Creative Commons Attribution International licence (CC-BY) version 4.0 or higher. All clarin:el users are obliged to allow the harvesting of their metadata.

clarin:el LR providers are encouraged, when they publish or distribute a Resource or any Derivative, to redeposit the Derivative work at the clarin:el infrastructure.

LRs available under a licence allowing redistribution may be replicated and flow in the clarin:el infrastructure according to the terms and conditions specified in the respective licence.

 

 

 

licensing of lr's in the clarin:el ri

The following issues should be taken into account when selecting a licence for a resource:

  • The ready-to-use licensing schemes (outlined below) are as quick and easy to apply as possible, in particular for new resources. Do not hesitate to refer to the clarin:el IPR Helpdesk facility (helpdesk-legal@clarin.gr) for any assistance you may have in understanding, choosing and using any of these licence and other legal tools.
  • The rights of use of the resource, any possible restrictions, as well as rights and restrictions on the original raw data are under the control and responsibility of the resource owners. The repository in which the resource resides acts mainly as a facilitator for the search-and-get procedure while providing guidelines and metadata curation activities.
  • Metadata elements regarding rights of use, availability and distribution are among the mandatory elements of the minimal metadata schema and are harvested by the central aggregator so that users (essentially language resource consumers) can promptly understand what they are allowed to do with a specific resource. Please always refer to these metadata before using any of the resources on clarin:el.

 

recommended licences

The rights of use of the resource, any possible restrictions, as well as rights and restrictions on the original raw data are under the control and responsibility of the resource owners. The repository in which the resource resides acts mainly as a facilitator for the search-and-get procedure while providing guidelines and metadata curation activities.

Metadata elements regarding rights of use, availability and distribution are among the mandatory elements of the minimal metadata schema and are harvested by the central META-SHARE servers so that users (essentially language resource consumers) can promptly understand what they are allowed to do with a specific resource. Users are asked to always refer to these metadata before using any of the resources on META-SHARE.

- See more at: http://metashare.demo.monospacelabs.com/p/82/Legal-issues#sthash.vJg2erqr.dpuf

 

The rights of use of the resource, any possible restrictions, as well as rights and restrictions on the original raw data are under the control and responsibility of the resource owners. The repository in which the resource resides acts mainly as a facilitator for the search-and-get procedure while providing guidelines and metadata curation activities.

Metadata elements regarding rights of use, availability and distribution are among the mandatory elements of the minimal metadata schema and are harvested by the central META-SHARE servers so that users (essentially language resource consumers) can promptly understand what they are allowed to do with a specific resource. Users are asked to always refer to these metadata before using any of the resources on META-SHARE.

- See more at: http://metashare.demo.monospacelabs.com/p/82/Legal-issues#sthash.vJg2erqr.dpuf

The rights of use of the resource, any possible restrictions, as well as rights and restrictions on the original raw data are under the control and responsibility of the resource owners. The repository in which the resource resides acts mainly as a facilitator for the search-and-get procedure while providing guidelines and metadata curation activities.

Metadata elements regarding rights of use, availability and distribution are among the mandatory elements of the minimal metadata schema and are harvested by the central META-SHARE servers so that users (essentially language resource consumers) can promptly understand what they are allowed to do with a specific resource. Users are asked to always refer to these metadata before using any of the resources on META-SHARE.

- See more at: http://metashare.demo.monospacelabs.com/p/82/Legal-issues#sthash.vJg2erqr.dpuf

To limit the complexity of licensing, a range of recommended license setups are provided by clarin:el in the form of templates for the LR providers to choose from.

The clarin:el model licensing scheme, with a firm orientation towards the creation of an openness culture and the relevant ecosystem for LRs, is organised on the following axes:

  • Creative Commons licences (CC, starting with Creative Commons Zero (CC-0) and all possible combinations along the CC differentiation of rights of use) for datasets and Free Open Source Software (FOSS) licences for s/w are the first level of legal machinery applied.
  • The second legal layer is a set of licenses that allow use and exploitation of the Resources while permitting the LR Owner to have full control over the Resource distribution. These “No Redistribution” licences will effectively help get “closed” resources safely out to the community.
  • The third layer is the set of CLARIN licence templates, which grant the usage of the Resource along the terms and conditions associated with one of three major categories (PUBlic, ACAdemic, or REStricted) and the additional terms specified by the LR providers.

 

Based on these assumptions and guidelines, the following sets of licensing templates are proposed:

One page overview of the Creative Commons licences and their attributes

 

 

  • META-SHARE No Redistribution Set: covers all expected combinations of licencing attributes excluding the distribution of the original resource(s). Before using any of the META-SHARE NoRedistribution licences, please contact the Helpdesk for assistance. We will provide you with guidance as to which licence may be the most appropriate for you and how you could implement it.
    • META-SHARE NoRedistribution
    • META-SHARE NoRedistribution_For-a-Fee
    • META-SHARE NoRedistribution NoDerivatives_For-a-fee
    • META-SHARE NoRedistribution NoDerivatives
    • META-SHARE NonCommercial NoRedistribution NoDerivatives_For-a-fee
    • META-SHARE NonCommercial NoRedistribution NoDerivatives
    • META-SHARE NonCommercial NoRedistribution_For-a-Fee
    • META-SHARE NonCommercial NoRedistribution

          One page overview of the MS-NoRed licences and their attributes

 

CLARIN licence categories

Based on their licences, LRs compatible with CLARIN can be divided into three main categories: CLARIN PUB, CLARIN ACA or CLARIN RES. In addition, there are several minor categories with more specific variants of the general licences.

  • CLARIN PUB (public use): PUB language resources can be distributed publicly. The distribution of these materials is not restricted by copyright or personal data protection issues.
  • CLARIN ACA (academic use): ACA language resources can be accessed only for research purposes. The end-user does not need to ask for usage permission but can access the resources via an academic login.
  • CLARIN RES (restricted use): RES language resources have additional restrictions, which require permission from the rights holder. These resources may contain material whose usage is limited due to copyright and/or personal data protection issues. In practice, these language resources require both using a login (through a classic or academic account) to authenticate the end-user and sending a separate application to the rights holder for authorization possibly including a research plan with the resource.

A CLARIN Licence Category Calculator for classifying licenses into CLARIN categories is available at the European CLARIN site.

 

 

 

useful information